Not everyone has the opportunity to grow roses on a personal plot. For such people, special varieties designed for home conditions have been developed. But in order to be content with the beauty of a flower, you need to know how to care for a room rose, how to plant it correctly.
How to choose a room rose
The choice of variety is a fundamental factor in successful "window gardening." This article will help you understand the nuances of caring for indoor roses. It will also introduce readers to varieties that are most popular for home growing.
Note! Experts do not recommend purchasing roses in the markets. It is best to trust stores that specialize in this.
The most popular varieties for growing in an apartment
Homemade rose in a pot is more delicate and fragile in terms of care than bush garden representatives. But they are distinguished by longer flowering and aromatic fragrance.
Here are some of the most popular types:
- Prima ballerina
For this variety you will need a large pot, since the height of an adult plant is about one meter. Direct shoots are covered with dark fleshy leaves. The variety owes its popularity to terry, fragrant flowers.
Varieties derived from floribund group back in 1980. The bush does not exceed 50 cm. Smooth leaves of bright green color. Stems come with thorns, happen without. The flower size is not more than 4 cm.
Most varieties are odorless, and some emit a subtle aroma. Coloring options for roses - a lot. From red and purple to outlandish green. They are also completely different in form. Bloom in spring, summer and autumn.
The height of the compact bush is about 60 cm. The diameter of the flowers is 5 cm. The color can vary from delicate pink to apricot.
In a cool room, the flowers do not bloom for a long time, but the bush remains attractive and neat. In a warm place, the buds open in all its glory on the fifth day. This rose blooms for a long time. The bush looks neat, attractive and elegant all season. Cut flowers will last no more than a week.
- Orange Jewel
A distinctive feature is the stems and leaves of cherry color. As they develop, they gradually turn green. There are few thorns. It blooms in bright red, for a short time, and cut roses are very small. Petals are bent outward, due to which a volumetric effect is created. The smell is slightly noticeable, pleasant, sweet.
- Hair curlers
The variety was recently bred - in 2001. Homeland - France. Outwardly twisted petals provided the name for roses.
The flowers have an interesting color: red petals with beige veins. The bush emits a pleasant unobtrusive aroma. The rose begins to bloom in June. It blooms several times a season. The amount of flowering depends on the care and mineral nutrition. The bush stands elegant and bright for a long time. It is especially good that the stems do not have spikes.
The variety was bred in the middle of the last century, has bright orange flowers. The bush of the plant looks dense, but neat in shape. Height is about 35 cm.
The stems are slightly bent and dotted with shiny, smooth leaves. They bloom magnificently, several times a year: from June to November.
This is a specially created variety in Germany. The flowers have a single color: white, yellow, pink or red, bronze, cream. The variety is resistant to the harmful effects of pests and diseases. Most plants have no smell.
- fiery Princess
The height of the bush is 40 cm. Straight, branched stems are dotted with shiny pointed leaves of bright green color.
Flowers are painted in a bright red-orange tint.
Flower adaptation after purchase
After buying a room rose, you need to provide her with care at home. Most often, roses are sold in special glasses made of polyethylene. At home, you need to free the plant from it. To clear soil of a flower of pollution, possibly, fallen foliage.
Carefully inspect for pests. Even if they are not found, the plant should be rinsed under warm water. Thus, the reproduction of the spider mite can be prevented.
Attention! The adaptation period of a room rose after purchase is approximately 2-3 weeks.
This time will be the most difficult in the life of the plant. Rosa is under tremendous stress. She can discard all available flowers or buds. Sometimes a plant even loses its leaves. Having finished adapting, the bush will grow and it will take some time to please bloom in a month and a half.
A rose that is blooming or has already stopped blooming is ready for a transplant. You need to pick up a pot a little larger than the old one. Be sure to put in it a special nutrient soil and carefully shift the “lump” of the plant.
To stimulate growth, there are special tools that process indoor roses after transplantation. The most famous drug is called Cornevin.
How to care for a rose at home
The plant needs moderate conditions of care and maintenance. The owner should understand the rules of cultivation, so that this ornamental plant becomes a decoration of the house. If we talk about proper care, a rose at home requires some attention. The main points of cultivation will be described below.
Illumination and temperature
Like most houseplants, the rose belongs to the photophilous species. Avoid overheating, so the pots are best placed on the southeast or west window of the house. In summer, the best place to keep is an open space: a balcony or a street, always in the shade, where direct sunlight can be avoided.
In summer, the temperature should be moderate, and in the winter season - cool. A greater negative effect on the development of roses is not due to the high temperature, but to the dryness and overheating of the pot.
In summer, the thermometer should not exceed +25 degrees. In the winter period of time, it is necessary to provide rest to the plant by moving the pot to a room with a temperature of about + 10 ° C.
Watering rules and humidity
The correct irrigation system is of great importance during the period of development and flowering. Most often this time falls on the summer season. Dry land for roses is very dangerous. But, the main thing here is not to overdo it, so that the soil in the pot does not acidify from a large amount of water. That is why, as soon as the buds ceased to form, watering should become less common.
House representatives like more humid air. With increased dryness, the risk of infection with parasites increases. Regular spraying or a warm shower will help to avoid this trouble.
It is necessary to water the room rose carefully
Top dressing and soil quality
When cultivating roses in an apartment, you need to think about useful dressings. Every two weeks you need to fertilize the soil in spring, summer and autumn. Mineral and organic fertilizers should be alternated. Before using them, you need to dissolve the mass with water.
Attention! The soil for the rose should have an important quality - it is good to pass air and moisture.
The most optimal soil mix is a mix of sand, turf and humus. Ready-made primers can be used.
Flower Tank Size
You can use containers of any shape and volume. The main thing is that they are spacious for the development of the root system, as well as for air circulation. The pot must combine beauty and functionality.
When the rose grows much, it is worth transplanting it into a larger pot.
Pruning and reproduction
Pruning is the removal of yellow, dry leaves, as well as wilted buds. The formation of new flowers and a neat appearance is the result of timely pruning.
Before winter, it is worth trimming stems up to 10 cm. The clipped shoots are used for transplanting.
The main method of reproduction is cuttings. The best period is from May to early fall. Dry cuttings are cut with secateurs and placed in a container with warm water. The first shoots will appear in about a month. Transplant ready-made shoots in a good, nutritious soil.
Pruning a room rose
The nuances of caring for roses in a pot at different times of the year
Different seasons of the year require their approach in organizing the care of indoor plants.
In the spring
Spring is the time of the appearance of new stems and leaves. It is necessary to begin to actively water and feed the plant. It is important to monitor humidity - spray with warm water.
With the termination of frosts, the pot must be taken out to fresh air, gradually accustoming to the sun.
Summer is a period of regular watering, spraying and removing wilted parts. It's time to feed the soil with mineral fertilizers.
In order for the plant to reach the sun evenly, it is recommended to constantly turn the pot located on the windowsill. As the roots grow, you need to transplant a bush into a larger pot.
In autumn, the temperature begins to drop markedly. There comes a time when you need to bring the pot home for the night or place it on the window on the south side of the house.
After flowering should be reduced the number of waterings, top dressing. In late autumn, experts advise pruning the bush.
On each shoot, 5 kidneys must be left.
Attention! If you don’t prune the old parts, the plant will bloom the next summer much later, and the bush will look untidy.
Winter is the time when the rose can rest. Flowering and development stops, there is a loss of the remaining leaves. Need rare watering, spraying.
Important! During the heating season, do not place pots near batteries or heaters.
Features of flowering plants
There are a great many species and forms of decorative roses. Terry, cup-shaped and rosette-shaped representatives of the flora are especially popular. Flat flowers have no small attractiveness. The shape of the ball and pompom also looks amazing.
Pot roses have features that are pronounced during the period of active flowering.
Annual development consists of two phases:
The flowering phase is a period of rapid development. The beginning is March-April. Young leaves and shoots begin to appear. The end of spring will be marked by the appearance of the first buds. Roses bloom until the end of summer. Exceptional varieties give the beauty of their flowers until late autumn.
Rapid flowering ends with the necessary phase of rest, which requires special care conditions. It is necessary to carry out timely pruning, reduce watering, do not use fertilizing, put the plant in a cool place.
Flower propagation methods
There are many ways to reproduce. But the most popular: cuttings and seeds.
Propagation by cuttings
The rooting scheme using cuttings:
- During the active flowering phase, a pair of leaves and the upper part with a wilted bud are cut.
- After the swelling of the kidneys, before the formation of leaves, cut stems into secateurs.
- Remove foliage from the bottom of the stems.
- At the top is a couple of leaves.
- Cuttings are planted in containers, creating greenhouse conditions.
After a couple of months, roots will appear on the cuttings, then they can be planted in a permanent pot.
Seeds are collected before the formation of flowers, that is, in late summer. After collecting the seeds, do the following:
- rinse them with peroxide using a sieve;
- put seeds on cheesecloth and cover with a second layer on top;
- put them in a tight fastening bag;
- put in the refrigerator;
- air from time to time;
- when the seeds germinate, they should be transplanted into a pot;
- germination lasts until spring.
Growing problems, diseases and pests
Growing a tea rose at home is not an easy task. It is important not only to know how to properly care for roses growing in pots. It is necessary to monitor their health.
The most common diseases:
- powdery mildew - white coating on the leaves;
- black leg - a dark stem, faint flowers begin to fall off, dry;
- rust - red spots on the leaves;
In addition, infections occur with spider mites, aphids, mealy mealybugs.
How to deal with them
Having noticed the first signs of powdery mildew, it is necessary to treat the plant with an antifungal solution as soon as possible: foundationazole, copper sulfate or phytosporin. The defeat of the black leg promises complete destruction of the bush and thorough processing of the pot. Rust is removed by two solutions: copper perchlorate and Bordeaux liquid.
With parasitic diseases, the plant is rinsed under warm water. The soil must be insulated with plastic wrap. After waiting for complete drying, the bush is treated with an insecticidal preparation. Prevention measures include regular warm showers and sprays.
Indoor rose is one of the most amazing, beautiful and lovely plants. But her beauty requires great efforts of an amateur gardener. This representative of the kingdom of flora is rather capricious. Only proper maintenance, care will help the rose bloom and fragrance.